As Kenya seeks to develop its natural resources, there are greater efforts employed specifically to the growth of the oil and gas sector. Although natural resources can greatly contribute to the national income, their mismanagement can also lead to a devastated economy and can provoke and sustain internal conflicts and result in political instability. The resource curse therefore refers to the paradox of countries rich in oil, gas and minerals remaining poor. Despite their resource abundance, political and economic problems undermine the progress and development of such countries.

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